Pharmacokinetics comparison of solifenacin tartrate and solifenacin succinate: a randomized, open-label, single-dose, 2-way crossover study in healthy male volunteers
Solifenacin is a muscarinic antagonist indicated for the treatment of overactive bladder with symptoms. Solifenacin tartrate is a newly developed salt formulation of solifenacin. This study compared the pharmacokinetic and safety properties after single-dose administration of solifenacin tartrate (test formulation) and solifenacin succinate (reference formulation) in healthy male volunteers. A total of 36 subjects were enrolled in this randomized, open-label, single-dose, two-way crossover study. During each treatment period, subjects received the test formulation or reference formulation. Plasma samples were collected at pre-dose and at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 12, 24, 48 and 72 hours post-dose. Safety was assessed by adverse events, physical examinations, laboratory assessments, 12-lead electrocardiograms, and vital signs. Thirty-three subjects completed the study and were included in the pharmacokinetic analysis. The mean (standard deviation) values of AUClast for the test and reference formulations were 486.98 (138.47) and 469.07 (128.29) h·ng/mL, respectively. The mean (standard deviation) values of Cmax for the test and reference formulations were 14.66 (3.85) and 14.10 (3.37) ng/mL, respectively. The 90% confidence intervals for AUClastand Cmax were 0.9702 to 1.1097 and 0.9779 to 1.0993, respectively. All adverse events were mild or moderate, and there were no serious adverse events. The pharmacokinetic properties of solifenacin tartrate were similar to those of solifenacin succinate and met the acceptance criteria for bioequivalence. Both formulations were safe, and no significant difference was observed in the safety assessments of the formulations.
Bioequivalence, Overactive bladder, Pharmacokinetics, Solifenacin succinate, Solifenacin tartrate