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2017 (v.25 no.4)

Translational and Clinical Pharmacology

Korean Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Quarter
ISSN: 2289-0882

  • Pharmacokinetic drug interaction between atorvastatin and ezetimibe in healthy Korean volunteers

    Jungsin Park, Choon Ok Kim, Byung Hak Jin, Seoungwon Yang, Min Soo Park, Taegon Hong

    TCP | v.25, no.4, pp.202-208, Dec, 2017

    Abstract

    Atorvastatin and ezetimibe are frequently co-administered to treat patients with dyslipidemia for the purpose of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol control. However, pharmacokinetic (PK) drug interaction between atorvastatin and ezetimibe has not been evaluated in Korean population. The aim of this study was to investigate PK drug interaction between two drugs in healthy Korean volunteers.An open-label, randomized, multiple-dose, three-treatment, three-period, Williams design crossover study was conducted in 36 healthy male subjects. During each period, the subjects re-ceived one of the following three treatments for seven days: atorvastatin 40 mg, ezetimibe 10 mg, or a combination of both. Blood samples were collected up to 96 h after dosing, and PK parameters of atorvastatin, 2-hydroxyatorvastatin, total ezetimibe (free ezetimibe + ezetimibe-glucuronide), and free ezetimibe were estimated by non-compartmental analysis in 32 subjects who completed the study. Geometric mean ratios (GMRs) with 90% confidence intervals (CIs) of the maximum plasma concentration (Cmax,ss) and the area under the curve within a dosing interval at steady state (AUCτ,ss) of atorvastatin when administered with and without ezetimibe were 1.1087 (0.9799-1.2544) and 1.1154 (1.0079-1.2344), respectively. The corresponding values for total ezetimibe were 1.0005 (0.9227-1.0849) and 1.0176 (0.9465-1.0941). There was no clinically significant change in safety assessment related to either atorvastatin or ezetimibe. Co-administration of atorvastatin and ezetimibe showed similar PK and safety profile compared with each drug alone. The PK interaction between
    two drugs was not clinically significant in healthy Korean volunteers.

    Keyword

    Atorvastatin, Ezetimibe, Pharmacokinetics, Drug interaction